The last thing I did before Passover was a totally unannounced, not telling anyone, surprise flip from my old standby, APC, to the new hotness, Zend.
As of PHP 5.5, Zend Optimizer+ will be included. Back in 2009, I decided to use APC for a couple reasons: It was made by the PHP blokes and it worked well with mod_php and MediaWiki. Since PHP decided to change, I joined in. Why the change? Zend went open source.
Installing Zend Installing Zend
I grabbed the latest tagged version from the official GitHub repository, since I don’t cotton to using bleeding edge all the time.
$ wget https://github.com/zend-dev/ZendOptimizerPlus/archive/v7.0.1.zip $ unzip v7.0.1 $ cd ZendOptimizerPlus-7.0.1/ $ phpize $ ./configure $ make $ make install
That gave me the final output of:
Installing shared extensions: /usr/local/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525/ You want to hang on to that path, because we’re going to edit php.ini and put this in below the line for IonCube, if you have that installed:
Replace the path with your own.
I also followed their advice on the recommended config and put this in my php.ini as well:
[Zend] opcache.memory_consumption=128 opcache.interned_strings_buffer=8 opcache.max_accelerated_files=4000 opcache.revalidate_freq=60 opcache.fast_shutdown=1 opcache.enable_cli=1
Since I had APC there before, I removed all those lines while I was at it. Restarted PHP (well, httpd in my case, I like a clean slate) and I was done.
As I mentioned before, I removed the APC lines while I was in the php.ini and, since I installed it via a downloaded pecl, I just removed the apc.so file from the same folder where opcache.so was installed.
On WordPress, I also removed the APC Object Cache Backend plugin from the two sites that had it, since I’m not using APC. There doesn’t appear to be an equivilent for Zend, but I may or may not need that.
For MediaWiki, I had to edit LocalSettings.php and remove
$wgMainCacheType = CACHE_ACCEL; as that’s no longer being used. Then I went into my maintenance folder and ran
php rebuildLocalisationCache.php --force to flush everything and my errors went away. MediaWiki has a pretty different cache method than other apps, and for yonks flat out didn’t work with Zend. It does now, and there seemed to be no speed loss without an OpCode cache.
None of my other apps seemed to care, so I moved on to see how this all played out.
Much like the ManageWP guys, I saw an immediate drop in memory and CPU. And I’m still on PHP 5.4! There was an initial spike while I was mucking around, which I expected, and then everything dropped. Some things did not so much drop as level out and change my ‘spike’ range. Normally my load average for 1 minute would spike at 0.8 or so every hour. Now it’s spiking at 0.5, give or take, which is a success in my book.
Before someone points out that, hey, this is hardly a real check, I want to note that I was having one of those 200% traffic days. Actually I was having a few of them in a row, and I know it’s going to go up from there. Here’s a quick look at my traffic:
The real test will be tonight and tomorrow, though, as I push some large data (videos) on a popular topic, but frankly, this is looking good.
The benchmarks used in the ticket to include Zend in PHP (why are they using WP 2? I have no idea) were startling compared to normal PHP. Compared to APC it’s a minimal kick in the pants, but the assurance of bundling to come speaks for itself. This is where PHP is going.
I’m not yet on PHP 5.5, but I’ve already found that 5.4 is a notable kick to my speed. Zend took me from a B to an A in PageSpeed and YSlow (when you tell YSlow that I’m a small blog and not Amazon). Also it ‘feels’ faster, which is totally subjective, but still a valid remark. The site feels fast, it doesn’t hang (yet) and it didn’t crash over Passover!
Former bbPress regular, _ck_, went and wrote a neat little Control Panel for Zend Optimizer+ which I snagged and tossed into my secret bin for poking at later.
Since I’m the Zend Rookie, anyone have any tips and tricks for configuring it to make it sing? Remember, I don’t just use WordPress on this box!